Billions on Runet’s “sustainability” project will be found and spent. And how they plundered, we read on the Internet, from which we were trying to isolate. What will the creation of a sovereign Internet in Russia lead to? what will happen if Russia cuts itself off from the Internet and create its own ‘Sovereign Internet’ under new law.
There is no centralized Internet infrastructure around the world. To make it work, individuals need to depend on one another. As a result, the global network of submarine cables, satellites and other equipment that connects our world often ignores national borders on the map. To stay online, many countries have to rely on equipment located outside of and beyond their control.
Unfortunately, many comments are slipping into political issues, but there are some interesting technical thoughts. Slowly convey them as far as possible of the article.
Prominent Western futurologists predicted a split of the World Wide Web: according to their forecasts, in two years the Internet will be divided into two parts – Russia, China and India will be in one, this piece of the Network will really be cut off from the rest of the world. A well-known political scientist Valery Solovey adheres to a similar point of view. We thought about conceivable situations of occasions.
Russia has educated its nationals with respect to an up and coming Internet interruption that will bring down all traffic fully expecting a draft law identified with cybersecurity. The law would command the formation of a ‘Sovereign Internet‘ in what pundits state might be a stage toward Russia building up its own ‘Extraordinary Firewall.’ The interruption will result from telecom organizations directing tests fully expecting the new guidelines.
A spokesman for the president said that the bill on sovereign RuNet would not limit the potential of the worldwide network, but was created to protect against possible interference.
Sovereign Internet Plan and intent
The thought, to say it gently, isn’t new. Back in December 2016, German Klimenko, who was then working as a consultant to the leader of the Russian League on Internet advancement, shared his own fears with RT: the West is waging a hybrid war against Russia, Russia’s disconnection from the global information network may well become this turn of events.
This is an important point: from the point of view of Klimenko, who was trying to integrate into the state propaganda system, the threat came from outside. But even then his message was perceived by the public in exactly the opposite way. “Russia can be disengaged from the worldwide Web,” said Klimenko. “The authorities can disconnect us from the global Internet,” read all those who bothered to familiarize themselves with his interviews.
Klimenko’s advisor to the president had ceased to exist and disappeared altogether from radar, but a promising idea was heard. And according to sources, it was not heard anywhere, but in the Security Council of the Russian Federation. The idea has acquired the features of a bill, and now the bill turns into a law.
Let’s try to consider the Sovereign Internet in detail
In the Russian Federation, two typical Internet access schemes are mobile 4G / 3G / 2G and home (Wi-Fi or wire from a home router). Thus, when a user wants to access the site the following happens:
1. The browser calls the provider’s DNS recursor (or home router) for obtaining IP and/or IPv6 addresses corresponding to the site name. In turn, the DNS recursor refers either to a higher-level recursor or to foreign root servers.
2. The browser accesses port 443 / TCP, begins to establish an encrypted TLS connection, checks the server certificate. The certificate is signed by a foreign certification authority, and the browser also checks the validity of the certificate (OCSP or outdated CRL). Currently, there are no certification centers in the Russian Federation that are trusted by browser manufacturers.
3. In case of successful TLS connection setup, then the HTML page is received and for the page content (graphics, scripts, etc.)
The Kremlin is not going to limit or somehow artificially narrow the potential of using the Internet, and the bill on sovereign Runet is adopted to protect against possible influence from the United States on the work of the Internet in Russia. The comparing articulation was made by the press secretary of the Russian chief, Dmitry Peskov.
The draft law would accompany a generous sticker price, as indicated by a report from Russian distribution RBC, which reports that it acquired a duplicate of minutes identified with a gathering held by the country’s telecom organizations in January. The general objective seems, by all accounts, to be the production of a neighborhood intranet that could keep on working if an alternate country, for example, the US, endeavored to shield Russia from getting to the Internet on the loose.
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